Considering all the racist shit that’s been going on lately, I thought it was worth discussing a few basic definitions.
Today, we use the word “country” (Ro: țara) rather loosely, sometimes meaning a sovereign political entity and sometimes in the older sense of a territory inhabited (predominately) by one people.
For example, we say that Romania is a “country”, but there are several “countries” inside of Romania such as Țara Românească (Wallachia) and Țara Moților (a mountainous area in the northwest).
The proper term, however, to describe the political entity that is Romania is that it is a state. A state has defined borders, a government, laws, taxes, and all the rest. President Iohannis is the head of state right now in Romania.
A nation however, is more akin to what’s also called a “people” (Ro: popor). You can be part of the Romanian nation whether you live in Romania (the state), the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, Canada, USA, or even Zimbabwe. What makes you part of the Romanian nation is that you have a shared language, culture, and system of beliefs as other Romanians.
Another way to describe a nation is ethnicity. Less about racial or other physical characteristics, a person who is an ethnic Romanian is simply someone is part of the Romanian nation.
Prior to 1648, there were plenty of nations or traditional homelands of different peoples but no states.
Instead, rulers (generally called kings or queens but also margraves, electors, marquis, barons, and a dozen other titles) would wage war in order to increase their territory, but the boundaries were always fluid and could change following a defeat in battle, lack of a suitable heir following the death of the ruler, or marriage to another ruler.
The impact of the Peace of Westphalia was that, (essentially) for the first time, states were defined. Thereafter, even if the king died without a suitable heir or lost a war, the state continued. Today, even after President Iohannis finishes out his term, the state of Romania will continue on exactly the same.
Likewise, nations tend to remain unchanged too except for in cases of genocide or Stalin-style mass deportations. There are ethnic Romanians (or members of the Romanian nation) who were born in Transylvania. During their lifetime, the state changed several times, going from Hungary to Romania back to Hungary and back to Romania again, but their nationality remained unchanged.
So, now that we understand what these two terms mean, we can see that the Romanian state has remained unchanged since 1945, but it is composed of several nations, including Hungarians, Bulgarians, Ruthenians, Serbs, Croats, Macedonians, Greeks, and Gypsies.
As we’ve seen recently, a lot of Romanian people are very confused about the difference between a nation and a state. That’s because they’ve been erroneously told that Romania is a nation state, a condition in which a state is predominately inhabited by people of one nation.
For instance, Bangladesh is a nation state because a) it’s a sovereign state and b) it’s inhabited by a population that is composed of 98% Bengali speakers who are ethnically and culturally Bengali.
In contrast, Belgium is a state (a sovereign political entity) but composed of two (if not more) distinct nations, the French-speaking Walloons in the south and the Dutch-speaking Flemish people in the north. Likewise, Germany, France, and Britain are all states but not nation states because they’re inhabited by several different nations.
There are nation states in Europe like Albania and Finland, but one thing is for certain: Romania is not a nation state. It never was, and it never will be. It is a multi-cultural, multi-ethnic, and multi-national state.
So yes, Szekely Land (Ro: Ținutul Secuiesc) is part of the Romanian state, but it is most definitely not part of the Romanian nation.
President Iohannis is the head of the state of Romania, which has jurisdiction over Szekely Land, but he is neither a member of the Szekler nation NOR of the Romanian nation. In fact, he’s part of the Saxon nation.
Got it? Good.
Now don’t fucking make me explain it again :)